No one is superior on the basis of origin, race, color or language. Man must be safe against suppression, oppression, humiliation and slavery. Allah, the Creator of all the creation has honored man over all his creation:
We have honored the sons of Adam; provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favors, above a great part of Our Creation.
A society, the roots of which are in a strong family system, serves as its nucleus and basis. It provides stability and progress. Allah says in the Glorious Quran:
O people, verily we created you from a male and a female.
A society where the governor and the governed are equal before Shari'ah (Islamic jurisprudence). Since the Shari'ah is divinely ordained, no discrimination is allowed in such a society.
A society in which authority and power are a trust, which the ruler assumes to attain goals within the framework of Shari'ah.
A society in which every individual believes that the Almighty Allah is the true Owner of the entire creation and everything in His creation is employed for the benefit of all the creatures of Allah . All that we have is a gift and grant from Allah without one having a better right over another. The Almighty Allah states in the Glorious Qur'an:
And He has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all as a favor and kindness from Him
A society in which all policies governing public affairs are based on the principle of consultation. The Almighty Allah states in the Glorious Qur'an:
Those who listen to their Lord, and establish regular prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for sustenance.
A society which grants equal opportunities to all individuals according to their skills and potential. Such individuals will be accountable before their Ummah (nation) about their performance in this world and before their Creator in the Hereafter. Allah's Messenger said:
Each one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for those under his care. A leader is a shepherd, and is responsible for his citizens. A man is a shepherd of his family, and he is responsible for them. A woman is a shepherd in her husband's home, and she is responsible for whatever is under her care. A servant is a shepherd of his master's wealth, and he is responsible for whatever is under his care. Each one of you is a shepherd and each one of you is responsible for whatever is under his care.
It is a society, in which, both the ruler and the ruled stand equally in judicial courts during the judicial procedures.
It is a society where every person reflects the consciousness of the Ummah (nation). Each individual has a right to file a legal suit against any criminal who commited a crime against the general population. He may also solicit the support of others in this process and it is an obligation on all the witnesses of the crime to help him and not to shy away during the proceedings for justice.
The characteristics of human rights in Shari'ah (Islamic Jurisprudence) are as follows:
a. Human rights according to Islamic Shari'ah are Divine. These do not stem from other human beings who are influenced by whims, desires, interests and personal ambitions.
b. Human rights are correlated with the Islamic faith and belief. They are protected and preserved by Divine judgment. Therefore, any violation of these rights is, in the first place, a violation against the Divine Will of Allah, and entails punishment in the Hereafter, as well as worldly punishment.
c. These human rights are comprehensive and commensurate to the nature of human beings. They agree with human innateness and coincide with his weakness, power, poverty or richness, dignity and humiliation.
d. These human rights are applicable to each person under the Islamic jurisdiction, regardless of color, race, religion, language or social status.
e. These human rights are constant. These are not adaptable at any time or place and under any condition or circumstances. Neither individuals nor society can alter these human rights.
f. These rights are sufficient to establish a society that grants its individuals a decent and honorable life. These rights are a mercy from the Almighty Allah, the Lord of all worlds and they are for the entire humanity at large. Human rights also serve to preserve political, social, moral and economic rights of humanity.
g. Human rights, however, are restricted and not absolute. These rights are compatible with the basic Shari'ah laws and principles. They are not detrimental to the interest of the society and its welfare. For instance, the freedom of opinion and speech is guaranteed for every individual. All individuals are entitled to speak out and speak up saying the truth without hesitation. All have the right to provide and offer a reasonable advice to others, so long as this advice is in the public's interests. Advice may be given in the spheres of worldly affairs or religious affairs alike. There are certain restrictions, however, that must not be exceededotherwise it will result in a chaotic situation in the society. The following are some of these restrictions:
This freedom for an objective dialogue should be based on wisdom and good advice. The Almighty Allah states in the Glorious Qur'an:
Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for your Lord knows best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.
Adhere at all cost to the essential principles of Islamic faith such as the belief in the existence of Allah, the reality of the Message of Allah's Messenger and all other related issues.
Avoiding the use of such freedom in any way that is offensive to othersregardless whether the offense is worldly or religious, such as defaming people, scandalizing them and revealing their secrets. Such unlawful acts will spread harm and evil among people in the Islamic society or any other society per se. The Almighty Allah states in the Glorious Qur'an:
Those who love (to see) scandal published/ broadcast among the believers, will have a grievous penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: Allah knows, and you know not.